How to plant and care for forest orchids Denbrobium
There are many species of orchids in the wild, each with a different habitat, today I'm going to show you how to grow and care for the Dendrobium orchid, an orchid that you can easily breed to grow. .
How to grow and care for forest orchids DenbrobiumDendrobium is an orchid species of over 1500 varieties that grow mainly in the subtropics. According to documents written about orchids, Vietnam has about 110 varieties. In nature, Dendrobium grows at different elevations and is divided into 2 groups:
- Dendrobium deciduous in the fall like: Den. anosmum, Den. aphyllum (cranes), Den. primulinum (Long Tu), Den. wardianum, Dendrobium heterocarpum, Den devonianum, Den devonianum, Den. crystallinum (Gemstone 3 colors) V.V ...
- Dendrobium green year round such as: Den. amabile (purple daffodil), Den chrysanthum, (golden phrysanthum), Den. lindleyi, Den. chrysotoxum (Kim Diep), Den.draconis (Hoang Thao Nhat with pink points), Den.cariniferum (Hoang Thao Nhat point Hoang), Den.sulcatum (Flat Thuy Tien) etc ...
Light for the Denbrobium orchid line:
How to plant and care for orchids Denbrobium, royal herbDendrobium orchids need a lot of light, if there is a lack of light, the plant will not flower even if taken care of green. Varieties of the Dendrobium group green all year round need more sunlight, the leaves must turn yellow-green to be sunny enough to stimulate flowering. In winter, Dendrobium orchids need a lot of morning sunlight, because sunlight makes plants warm to stimulate flowering, so the orchid pots should be hung in the direction of morning sunlight.
Required humidity for Denbrobium orchids:
Dendrobium needs around 80% humidity in the summer and 60% in the winter, but the roots of the orchid plant are not subject to constant humidity, to keep the orchid pots moist and keep the roots dry so the roots can be watered on the floor. or put under the orchid pots a small bucket of water. Usually in the rainy season, young plants start to grow, should be watered moderately, once a week and avoid watering the tops of orchids because standing water in the tops will cause the tops to rot, when it rains continuously, it's best to remove Move the pots to a sheltered place to prevent rainwater from rotting young orchid tops. When the young plants grow strong, the young stems have turned dark green, this time can be watered a lot and watered thoroughly for each watering, when the young plants have stopped growing, water them sparsely, every 10 days and in In winter, when preparing to flower, water it very little 15 days / time. The time of dendrobium to sprout is often infested with insects: aphids and aphids feed on young leaves, with growers using insecticides to kill them, with amateurs. 1 crushed fresh garlic bulb soaked in 1 liter of water for 15 minutes, then deposited clear water and sprayed both sides of the orchid's leaves to kill and prevent pests, aphids, and aphids is also effective.
How to grow and care for orchids Denbrobium, royal herbDendrobium orchid species reserve nutrients in the old stem, should fertilize orchid pots periodically with very thin level. Dissolve 1 teaspoon of powdered fertilizer in 4 liters of water, apply every 7 days. Fertilize only when young plants grow strong, so fertilize immediately after watering the orchid pots. Do not fertilize when the orchid pots are too dry, you can fertilize the leaves, but avoid fertilizing on the sprouting saplings will cause the shoots to rot, so spray fertilizer in the space between the orchid base and the pot. is the best. When Dendrobium shoots young shoots should apply fertilizer 30-10-10, when the young shoots are mature, apply 10-30-20 fertilizer. One thing to note with Dendrobium species is that when the plant is mature and ready to flower, if continued fertilizing with 30-10-10 fertilizer with more Nitrogene, the plant will grow Keiki (the seedling growing at the stem) instead of flowering. For unprofessional florists can use a single fertilizer 20-20-20 to fertilize Dendrobium as well and achieve high flowering efficiency.
Dendrobium is an orchid and should be kept in a well-ventilated area to thrive and not get sick. Dendrobium cultivation is also varied. Dendrobiums have small stalks that can be tied to the trunk or on a piece of bark, boards to keep the area less sunny, and in the dry season must be watered at least once a day due to the lack of a moisturizing pad. The dendrobium types have large stalks planted in pots and hung in a cool place, potted materials use soft foam, charcoal lining the bottom of the pot for easy drainage, soft put around the base of orchids, note to float lan. The tree trunk should be tied to a fixture to keep the base of the orchid tree from being moved to damage the new roots. Should be planted in a pot of soil or a pot made of wood to avoid waterlogging, after planting the orchid in a cool place, 3 days after watering for the first time, then watered every 7- 10 days. When planting, choose pots that fit the orchid varieties and enough for plants to grow in 2 years. Dendrobium species do not like the roots, so repotting only when the orchid is sick or when the planting material has rotted. The best time to plant a new pot is after the orchid has finished the flowering season and during the orchid rest period.
Most dendrobium orchids need some time to sleep in winter, at this time orchid stalks have fully developed and ready to flower, so it is advisable to leave the orchid in a sunny place, avoiding direct sunlight on the orchid pots. . This time it takes about 2-3 months for orchids to flower. Watering About 15 days / time to prevent plants from getting too dry. Do not water on overcast or too cold days. When the plants start to bud or sprout, water every 10 days, so watering in the early morning, avoid watering the buds, the buds are wet continuously, will damage the protective film of the petals.
Some of the most popular types of dendrobium are easy to grow and have beautiful flowers that amateur orchid growers should grow:
- Dendrobium deciduous fall: Den. Anosmum (Phi message, Da Crane), Dendrobium secundum (Thao Huyen) for you in a hot climate, Den. aphyllum (cranes), Den. primulinum (Long Tu), Den. wardianum (Five crystals), Dendrobium heterocarpum, Den devonianum, Dendrobium crystallinum (Three-color Royal Gemstone)
- Dendrobium green year round such as: Den. amabile (purple daffodil), Dendrobium farmeri (Square narcissus), Dendrobiumfindlayanum - Hoang Thao Dien Bien Gemstones, Den chrysanthum, (Golden Phrysanthum), Den. lindleyi, Den. chrysotoxum (Kim Diep), Dendrobium draconis (Hoang Thao Nhat with pink points), Dendrobium cariniferum (Hoang Thao Nhat with yellow), Dendrobium sulcatum (Dendrobium sulcatum)
You can choose one of the types of dendrobium above to buy seeds and plant yourself a pot of dendrobium orchids, wish you success ./.