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Paphiopedilum villosum Orchid

Perennial plants, with 4-5 leaves grow together. The leaves are strip-shaped, size 14 - 42 x 2.5 - 4 cm, green on the upper side, light green on the underside, with many purple-brown spots at the base. The inflorescence has stalks 7 - 24 cm long, carrying 1 flower, shiny petals, reddish-brown with the middle band of crimson red and yellow-brown base.

Vietnamese name: Golden orchid
Latin name: Paphiopedilum villosum
Synonyms: Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Stein, 1892. Cypripedium villosum Lindl., 1854; Cordula villosa (Lindl.) Rolfe, 1912.
Family: Orchid Orchidaceae
Set: Orchid, Orchidales
Class (group): Lan land

Identification characteristics: Perennial tree with 4-5 leaves growing together. The leaves are strip-shaped, size 14 - 42 x 2.5 - 4 cm, green on the upper side, light green on the underside, with many purple-brown spots at the base. The flower cluster has 7 - 24 cm long stalks, bearing 1 flower. Northern leaves size 3.7 - 6.5 x 3 - 3.8 cm, smooth. The flowers are 7.5 to 13.5 cm wide, with short white hairs on the outside of the sepals; sepals near the flower axis are white, in the middle green and in the middle are crimson, inverted egg-shaped, size 4.5 - 7 x 3 - 4.6 cm; other sepals are light green, inverted ovate, size 3.8 - 7.6 x 1.8 - 2.6 cm; petals glossy, reddish-brown with a band between crimson and yellow-brown base, usually spoon-shaped, size 4.7 - 8.6 x 2.5 - 4.6 cm, with mustache (edge) and colored feathers purple at the base; lips red with crimson veins, size 4 - 6.8 x 3 - 3.8 cm; stamens yellow, inverted heart shape, size 1.6 x 1.4 cm, with hard hair; bulb 3 - 6 cm long, covered with dense hair.

Biology and ecology: Flowering season in April - 6. Grows under the canopy of evergreen tropical evergreen forest, broad leaved or mixed with coniferous trees on granite mountains, at an altitude of 1100-2000 m, into small bushes very scattered on the trunk and branches, sometimes even on the rocks on the mountainside.


Domestic: Gia Lai (Chu Pah mountain), Lam Dong (Lac Duong: Bi Dup mountain), Khanh Hoa (Hon Giao).

World: India, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos.

Values: This is a valuable ornamental plant because the flower is colorful, beautiful, rare and can be found on a clinging.

Status: The species has a narrow distribution area, the habitat is fragmented and the small number of individuals is collected to exhaustion for sale in the domestic market and illegally exported across the border. should be extinct. Currently, the remaining individuals scattered in tall branches or hidden floors also have a very fragile fate due to the habitat of the forest being cut down and burned and still continuing to be recovered.

Classification: EN B1 + 2b, c, e.

Protection measures: Listed in Appendix 1 of CITES and the List of Endangered and Rare Forest Plants and Animals (group 1) of Decree No. 32/2006 / ND - CP dated 30/3 / 2006 of the Government to prohibit exploitation and use for commercial purposes. Protecting small remnants of the Bi Dup Nature Reserve. It is necessary to multiply the nursing to create both ornamental plants while protecting genetic resources.

References: 2007 Vietnam Red Book - Plant part - page 470.

Stemming from passion, perseverance and hard work, after 23 years of research and research on orchid growing techniques, I have accumulated a lot of experience in propagating and cultivating forest orchids effectively.